By Jamila Pomeroy
The categorical breakdown of cannabis plants remains the touchstone for both growing specs and predicted effects, ultimately helping us figure out what strain is best for our individual needs. It’s easy to get lost or confused when picking a strain that’s right for you. Getting to know the difference between Indica and Sativa strains is a great place to start.
The term Indica refers to species that grow lower to the ground, with broad leaves, shorter flowering cycles and a growth preference leaning towards cooler climates. Indica strains often have more calming and sedative effects, perfect for relaxing. Indica strains increase dopamine, a neurotransmitter that helps regulate the brain’s reward and pleasure centres. This, along with the the often higher levels of CBD, make Indica strains great for pain management.
The term Sativa refers to taller species with narrow leaves, longer flowering cycles, and a growth preference leaning towards warmer climates. Sativa strains generally provide more energetic, invigorating, and uplifting cerebral effects; pairing well with active tasks, social gatherings, and creative projects. Sativa strains increase serotonin, a neurotransmitter involved in the regulation of learning and creativity. This, along with the the often higher levels of THC, make Sativa strains better fitted for tasks involving focus, often paired with anti-anxiety and anti-depressive qualities.
Strains referred to as hybrids will have originated from both indica and sativa parent plants, making them a hybrid of the two categories. Hybrid strain effects will vary depending on whether they are indica or sativa dominant.